American Chemical Society
Southern Nevada Section
THE CHEMISTRY AND CHARACTERIZATION OF
HYDRAULIC FRACTURING FLUIDS AND
OILFIELD PRODUCED WATER
Dr. Ted Frankiewicz
SPEC Services, Inc.
Monday, October 17, 2016
College of Southern Nevada
Building K, Room 101
Reception: 5:30 PM
Talk: 6:00 PM
Worldwide, about 8 bbls of water are produced per bbl of oil. In the US, water production is higher. Unconventional oil production based on multi-stage Hydraulic Fracturing (HF) generally produces less water than conventional production. To design and operate processes to clean and either dispose of or reuse produced water requires that the character and composition of the contaminants in the water be known. This presentation will discuss the compositions of HF and Produced Water (PW) contaminants and the methods used to analyze for and characterize them. The types of chemicals typically present in Hydraulic Fracturing fluids will be summarized. The rationale and challenges for cleaning and beneficially reusing produced waters of all types will be outlined. The most commonly used methods to analyze for residual oil-related contaminants (oil-in-water) will be described and their short-comings explained. The benefits and capability of using XRD and EDX data to identify the mineralogical composition of solids in the oil and water will also be illustrated.
Ted Frankiewicz has more than 30 years' experience with oilfield process systems and produced water treatment. He has a Ph.D. in Physical Chemistry from the University of Chicago, holds 15 patents, and has written more than 35 peer-reviewed technical papers. His experience includes field operations, equipment design, and Process Engineering. He has worked for Occidental Petroleum, Unocal Corp., Natco Group, and is currently with SPEC Services in Fountain Valley, CA.
Ted developed water treatment systems installed in the Gulf of Thailand to remove mercury, arsenic and oil from produced water. He led pioneering efforts to use Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) to design slosh-control internals for pressure vessels on FPSOs and floating platforms, and uses CFD to develop effective designs for flotation vessels and onshore process tanks. Ted was an SPE (Society of Petroleum Engineers) Distinguished Lecturer (2009-2010) and in 2015 he was designated as the 10th recipient of the SPE International Award for contributions to the technical discipline of Projects, Facilities, and Construction. In his spare time, Ted teaches a 5-day water treatment class for PetroSkills and plays golf.